# Tag Archives: square

## Square difference formula for polylgoarithm proof

$$\mathrm{Li}_{\,n}(-z) + \mathrm{Li}_{\,n}(z) = 2^{1-n} \,\mathrm{Li}_{\,n}(z^2)$$ $$\textit{proof}$$ As usual we write the series representation of the LHS $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k^n}+\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{(-z)^k}{k^n}$$ Listing the first few terms $$z+\frac{z^2}{2^n}+\frac{z^3}{3^n}+\cdots +\left(-z+\frac{z^2}{2^n}-\frac{z^3}{3^n}+\cdots \right)$$ The odd terms will cancel $$2\frac{z^2}{2^n}+2\frac{z^4}{4^n}+2\frac{z^6}{6^n}+\cdots$$ Take \( 2^{1-n} … Continue reading

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